Repost: Scullion! Rampallian. Fustilarian. North Korea and the Shakespearean curse

The death at age 94 of North Korea’s propaganda mastermind Kim Ki Nam is the very moment to recall the linguistic flourish he is said to have brought to the art of the hermit kingdom’s insult. This repost from December 2013 is fun

Rashmee Roshan Lall
2 min readMay 13, 2024
Photo by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

However nerd-like Kim Jong-un is occasionally rumoured to be, there’s something devilishly Elizabethan about North Korea in the 21 century. Consider the wording of the announcement that Jang Song Taek had been executed. Mr Jang, uncle of Kim Jong-un and once thought to have been the second-most powerful man in North Korea, was described as “worse than a dog, a traitor to the nation for all ages”. The Korean Central News Agency, which is the main news agency in those parts, added with ghoulish satisfaction that Mr Jang patronized traitors or “cat’s paws” and his “unpardonable thrice-cursed treason” had the people “hungering for justice”. The man himself, the agency said, was “despicable human scum”.

It is the sort of “flowery Shakespearean insult” that is loved by the North Korean ruling class, Owen Miller of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies the BBC. Korea expert James Grayson at the University of Sheffield, says the propensity to strong language is a psychological ploy “because this person was powerful and he has to be made to be the embodiment of all that is evil.”

What’s interesting is the thoroughness and care with which the strongly worded insults and heaping curses have been disseminated — in multiple languages — English, Korean, Spanish, Chinese, and Japanese. Even more interesting, says Isaac Stonefish over at Foreign Policy, is that “the Chinese and Spanish versions both contain additional information.” Spanish readers are told that Mr Jang purloined and blew nearly five million euros at a casino abroad, much of it at a foreign casino.

In other words, as the Bard would have it, he was

  • a “clay-brained guts, a knotty-pated fool, an obscene greasy tallow-catch” (Henry IV)
  • “like a toad; ugly and venomous” (As You Like It)
  • “a most notable coward, an infinite and endless liar, an hourly promise breaker, the owner of no one good quality” (All’s Well That Ends Well)
  • “His tongue outvenom (ed) all the worms of Nile” (Cymbeline)
  • a “scullion! A rampallian! A fustilarian!”

The North Koreans haven’t quite reached Elizabethan heights.

Originally published at



Rashmee Roshan Lall

PhD. Journalism by trade & inclination. Writer. My novel 'Pomegranate Peace' is about my year in Afghanistan. I teach journalism at university in London